Inorganic/organic composite membranes
Fuel Cell Technology and Applications
Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and systems (PEMFC)
Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
Copyright © John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Fuel Cells
How to Cite
Jones, D. J. and Rozière, J. 2010. Inorganic/organic composite membranes. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .
- Published Online: 15 DEC 2010
This chapter briefly reviews the state of the art in the preparation and characterization of hybrid inorganic/organic membranes for fuel cells. Examples are drawn from the recent literature to demonstrate the advantages of inorganic/organic membranes compared with polymer-only systems. Emphasis is placed on the different routes developed over recent years to hybrid fuel cell membranes leading to a high degree of dispersion of inorganic particles or proton-conductors in a polymer matrix, including dispersion of exfoliated layered proton-conductors in a polymer solution, in situ local growth of inorganic proton-conductors in a pre-formed polymer membrane, polymer in situ sol gel reactions of inorganic alkoxides and alkyl- or arylalkoxysilanes, and solvent transfer (aqueous to organic phase) of colloidal inorganic oxides.
- composite membrane;
- direct methanol fuel cell;
- polymer electrolyte fuel cell;
- polymer electrolyte membrane;
- proton exchange membrane;
- inorganic/organic hybrid;
- solid polymer fuel cell;
- membrane electrode assembly;
- Nafion® membranes