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Inorganic/organic composite membranes

Fuel Cell Technology and Applications

Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and systems (PEMFC)

Membrane materials

  1. D. J. Jones,
  2. J. Rozière

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f303039

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Jones, D. J. and Rozière, J. 2010. Inorganic/organic composite membranes. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. Université Montpellier II, Montpellier, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

This chapter briefly reviews the state of the art in the preparation and characterization of hybrid inorganic/organic membranes for fuel cells. Examples are drawn from the recent literature to demonstrate the advantages of inorganic/organic membranes compared with polymer-only systems. Emphasis is placed on the different routes developed over recent years to hybrid fuel cell membranes leading to a high degree of dispersion of inorganic particles or proton-conductors in a polymer matrix, including dispersion of exfoliated layered proton-conductors in a polymer solution, in situ local growth of inorganic proton-conductors in a pre-formed polymer membrane, polymer in situ sol gel reactions of inorganic alkoxides and alkyl- or arylalkoxysilanes, and solvent transfer (aqueous to organic phase) of colloidal inorganic oxides.

Keywords:

  • composite membrane;
  • direct methanol fuel cell;
  • polymer electrolyte fuel cell;
  • polymer electrolyte membrane;
  • proton exchange membrane;
  • inorganic/organic hybrid;
  • solid polymer fuel cell;
  • membrane electrode assembly;
  • membrane;
  • Nafion® membranes