Standard Article

MCFC fuel cell systems

Fuel Cell Technology and Applications

Electric utility fuel cell systems

  1. M. Bischoff1,
  2. M. Farooque2,
  3. S. Satou3,
  4. A. Torazza4

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f312106

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Bischoff, M., Farooque, M., Satou, S. and Torazza, A. 2010. MCFC fuel cell systems. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    MTU Friedrichshafen GmbH, Munich, Germany

  2. 2

    FuelCell Energy, Inc., Danbury, CT, USA

  3. 3

    Tokyo Engineering Center, IHI, Tokyo, Japan

  4. 4

    Ansaldo Fuel Cells S.p.A., Genova, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

Fuel cell systems are able to convert chemical energy directly into electrical energy and, therefore, they are in principle able to achieve much higher electrical efficiencies than conventional thermal systems. Fuel cells also have environmental advantages: they emit negligible amounts of NOx, SOx and particulates although the latter two reflect a need for fuel cells utilizing fuel gas which is nearly sulfur- and particulate-free. The most important characteristic of MCFCs is that they are fed with fuel gas containing hydrogen and carbon monoxide. The obvious method is to supply this fuel gas through thermal reforming of natural gas or through gasification of coal. Therefore, the total MCFC energy conversion system is considerably more than just the stack itself.

Keywords:

  • molten carbonate fuel cell systems;
  • hot module;
  • fuel processor;
  • inverter;
  • fuel cell commercialization