Standard Article

New oxide cathodes and anodes

Advances in Electrocatalysis, Materials, Diagnostics and Durability

Materials for high temperature fuel cells

Novel materials

  1. J. A. Kilner1,
  2. J. T. S. Irvine2

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f500033

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Kilner, J. A. and Irvine, J. T. S. 2010. New oxide cathodes and anodes. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    Imperial College, London, UK

  2. 2

    University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

Abstract

Many of the key issues facing solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology development may be addressed by finding improved electrode materials. These include lower temperature of operation, fuel flexibility, and sulfur and chromium tolerance. Here we review recent advances in anode and cathode materials design, focusing particularly on perovskite materials and their ordered structures, including intergrowths. Materials discovery, synthesis, fabrication, and evaluation are discussed. Particular emphasis is given to design of multifunctional composites at the nano- and microscales.

Keywords:

  • perovskite;
  • oxide;
  • anode;
  • cathode;
  • cation diffusion;
  • electrocatalysis;
  • ceramic;
  • electrochemistry