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Proton exchange membrane fuel cell degradation: mechanisms and recent progress

Advances in Electrocatalysis, Materials, Diagnostics and Durability

Performance degradation

Low-temperature fuel cells

  1. T. Madden2,
  2. M. Perry1,
  3. L. Protsailo1,
  4. M. Gummalla2,
  5. S. Burlatsky2,
  6. N. Cipollini1,
  7. S. Motupally1,
  8. T. Jarvi1

Published Online: 15 DEC 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780470974001.f500057

Handbook of Fuel Cells

Handbook of Fuel Cells

How to Cite

Madden, T., Perry, M., Protsailo, L., Gummalla, M., Burlatsky, S., Cipollini, N., Motupally, S. and Jarvi, T. 2010. Proton exchange membrane fuel cell degradation: mechanisms and recent progress. Handbook of Fuel Cells. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    UTC Power Corporation, South Windsor, CT, USA

  2. 2

    United Technologies Research Center, East Hartford, CT, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 DEC 2010


We report a selective review of the literature on proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell degradation. The review begins with an overview of the essential driving forces that influence degradation rates. Thereafter, we summarize key mechanisms of and progress toward mitigating carbon corrosion, platinum dissolution, and membrane degradation. Finally, we summarize useful research directions, and also identify those that deserve less attention.


  • polymer electrolyte fuel cell degradation;
  • membrane durability or degradation;
  • catalyst durability or degradation