2. Drug Abuse: Prevention

  1. Hamid Ghodse4,
  2. Helen Herrman5,
  3. Mario Maj6 and
  4. Norman Sartorius7
  1. Vladimir B. Poznyak1,
  2. James White2 and
  3. Nicolas Clark3

Published Online: 18 MAR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470975084.ch2

Substance Abuse Disorders

Substance Abuse Disorders

How to Cite

Poznyak, V. B., White, J. and Clark, N. (2009) Drug Abuse: Prevention, in Substance Abuse Disorders (eds H. Ghodse, H. Herrman, M. Maj and N. Sartorius), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470975084.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 4

    International Centre for Drug Policy, St George's University of London, London, UK

  2. 5

    Orygen Youth Health Research Centre, Centre for Youth Mental Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia

  3. 6

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Naples SUN, Naples, Italy

  4. 7

    Association for the Improvement of Mental Health Programmes, Geneva, Switzerland

Author Information

  1. 1

    Training and Research Centre, Belarussian Psychiatric Association, Minsk, Belarus

  2. 2

    Department of Primary Care and Public Health, School of Medicine, Cardiff University, 4th Floor Neuadd Meirionnydd, Heath Park, Cardiff CF14 4YS, UK

  3. 3

    Institute for Health Services Research, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 MAR 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2009

Book Series:

  1. World Psychiatric Association Evidence and Experience in Psychiatry Series

Book Series Editors:

  1. Helen Herrman

Series Editor Information

  1. WPA Secretary for Publications, University of Melbourne, Australia

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470745106

Online ISBN: 9780470975084



  • drug abuse, prevention - ‘drug’ referring to illicit drugs, nonmedical use of psychoactive medications, benzodiazepines or opioid analgesics;
  • health and social consequences of drug use - and drug-attributable burden;
  • WHO comparative assessment - and alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco use;
  • conceptual approaches, in prevention of drug use - and drug-related harm;
  • prevention of HIV and blood-borne pathogen transmission;
  • incidence and prevalence of drug use - diversity and complexity of factors;
  • activities, aimed at drug use prevention - patterns and context of drug use in populations;
  • control of availability of drugs - and judicial procedures;
  • interventions, little or no evidence - for effective prevention of drug use;
  • health professionals, informing public and policy makers - public health problems attributable to drug use


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Health and Social Consequences of Drug Use and Drug-Attributable Burden

  • Targets for Prevention

  • Reducing the Burden Attributable to Drug Use

  • Trajectories of Drug Use: Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Prevention

  • Preventive Interventions: Universal, Selective and Indicated

  • Levels of Interventions

  • Principles for Drug Prevention

  • Evidence on Effectiveness of Prevention Interventions

  • Control of Availability of Drugs and Judicial Procedures

  • Mass Media Interventions

  • Prevention Programs with Short-Term and Long-Term Effects on Drug Use

  • Interventions with Short-Term Follow-Up (up to 1 Year)

  • Interventions with Medium-Term Follow-Up (From 1 to 3 Years)

  • Interventions with Long-Term Follow-Up (3+ Years)

  • Interventions with Evidence of Little or no Effectiveness

  • Content and Design of Programs with Evidence of Effectiveness

  • Experimental Techniques

  • Role of Health-Care Professionals in Prevention of Drug Use and Drug-Use Disorders

  • References