1. Introduction

  1. Charles E. Wyman1,2
  1. Charles E. Wyman1,2

Published Online: 5 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9780470975831.ch1

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals

How to Cite

Wyman, C. E. (2013) Introduction, in Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals (ed C. E. Wyman), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470975831.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside, USA

  2. 2

    BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering and Center for Environmental Research and Technology, University of California, Riverside, USA

  2. 2

    BioEnergy Science Center, Oak Ridge, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 APR 2013
  2. Published Print: 10 MAY 2013

Book Series:

  1. Wiley Series in Renewable Resources

Book Series Editors:

  1. Christian V. Stevens

Series Editor Information

  1. Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470972021

Online ISBN: 9780470975831

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Keywords:

  • aqueous pretreatment;
  • biological conversion;
  • chemical conversion;
  • chemicals;
  • fuels;
  • plant biomass

Summary

This introductory chapter of Aqueous Pretreatment of Plant Biomass for Biological and Chemical Conversion to Fuels and Chemicals summarizes some of the key aspects of cellulosic biomass and its aqueous pretreatment to make it compatible with downstream biological, catalytic, or thermochemical processing to provide a historical perspective for the chapters in this book and its organization. The chapter starts by providing a sense of what we mean by cellulosic biomass and why it is a vital resource for sustainable production of organic fuels and chemicals. Then, it describes how biomass lends itself to biological and catalytic aqueous processing and the important challenges hindering commercial applications. It also outlines an overview of various pretreatment technologies, and other aspects that can influence pretreatment effectiveness.