26. The Epidemiology of Autism

  1. Ming T. Tsuang2,3,
  2. Mauricio Tohen4,5 and
  3. Peter B. Jones6
  1. Gregory S. Liptak

Published Online: 19 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470976739.ch26

Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition

Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition

How to Cite

Liptak, G. S. (2011) The Epidemiology of Autism, in Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition (eds M. T. Tsuang, M. Tohen and P. B. Jones), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470976739.ch26

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Center for Behavioral Genomics, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla CA 92039, USA

  2. 3

    Harvard Institute of Psychiatric Epidemiology & Genetics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA

  3. 4

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Centre at San Antonio, USA

  4. 5

    Division of Mood and Anxiety Disorders, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7526 Louis Pasteur Drive, San Antonio TX 78229-3900, USA

  5. 6

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Box 189, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK

Author Information

  1. Center for Development, Behavior and Genetics, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Center for Children's' Health Policy, Syracuse NY 13210, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470694671

Online ISBN: 9780470976739

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • epidemiology of autism;
  • autism, described in the lay press - as ‘the hidden epidemic’;
  • ASD, three major categories - autistic disorder, Asperger's syndrome and pervasive developmental disorder, not otherwise specified (PDDNOS);
  • ‘idiopathic’ autism - not linked to a specific known condition;
  • conceptualisation of autistic disorder - PDD-NOS and Asperger syndrome, their position with cognitive level, social abilities, language and behaviour;
  • changes in definition of ASD - and changes in reporting;
  • most infants with ASD - developmental disabilities throughout childhood, regression in language and social skills;
  • public health impact - ASDs common, affecting more than 1% of school-aged boys;
  • ASD, large genetic component - concordance in monozygotic twins is as high as 70% (close to 0 in dizygotic twins);
  • epidemiology, data vital for prevention and control of disease - public health function

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Background

  • Definition and diagnosis

  • Natural history

  • Prevalence

  • Risk factors

  • Genetic factors

  • Public health impact

  • Associations and causal factors

  • Future directions

  • Summary

  • References