7. Validity: Definitions and Applications to Psychiatric Research

  1. Ming T. Tsuang4,5,
  2. Mauricio Tohen6,7 and
  3. Peter B. Jones8
  1. Jill M. Goldstein1,2,
  2. Sara Cherkerzian1,2 and
  3. John C. Simpson3

Published Online: 14 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470976739.ch7

Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition

Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition

How to Cite

Goldstein, J. M., Cherkerzian, S. and Simpson, J. C. (2011) Validity: Definitions and Applications to Psychiatric Research, in Textbook of Psychiatric Epidemiology, Third Edition (eds M. T. Tsuang, M. Tohen and P. B. Jones), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470976739.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Center for Behavioral Genomics, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla CA 92039, USA

  2. 5

    Harvard Institute of Psychiatric Epidemiology & Genetics, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA

  3. 6

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Texas Health Science Centre at San Antonio, USA

  4. 7

    Division of Mood and Anxiety Disorders, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 7526 Louis Pasteur Drive, San Antonio TX 78229-3900, USA

  5. 8

    Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, Box 189, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Departments of Psychiatry and Medicine at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH), Harvard Medical School, Boston MA02115, USA

  2. 2

    Connors Center for Women's Health and Gender Biology, Department of Medicine, Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Psychiatry at VA Boston Healthcare System, Harvard Medical School Department of Psychiatry, Boston MA 02215, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 14 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 15 APR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470694671

Online ISBN: 9780470976739

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Keywords:

  • validity - definitions and applications to psychiatric research;
  • measurement, process of linking - unobservable theoretical concepts to empirical indicators;
  • validity, extent to which empirical indicator of a concept - represents concept of interest;
  • content validity, adequacy with which - one samples the domain of items;
  • three methods to assess validity - content, criterion and construct validity;
  • criterion validity (or predictive validity) - and discriminant validity;
  • schematic representation, of calculation of indices of criterion validity and predictive values;
  • statistical indices, evaluating qualitative data - in assessment of validity;
  • construct validity application - to psychiatric diagnosis;
  • internal and external validity - properties of how we assess empirical research

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Validity of a construct

  • Validity of the relationships between variables

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements

  • References