7. Cyclotriveratylenes and Cryptophanes

  1. Frank Davis and
  2. Séamus Higson

Published Online: 22 FEB 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9780470980200.ch7

Macrocycles: Construction, Chemistry and Nanotechnology Applications

Macrocycles: Construction, Chemistry and Nanotechnology Applications

How to Cite

Davis, F. and Higson, S. (2011) Cyclotriveratylenes and Cryptophanes, in Macrocycles: Construction, Chemistry and Nanotechnology Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470980200.ch7

Author Information

  1. Cranfield Health, Cranfield University, Bedfordshire, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 22 FEB 2011
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470714621

Online ISBN: 9780470980200



  • cyclotriveratylenes and cryptophanes;
  • calixarenes, phenol units - as their basic building blocks;
  • compounds, rigid crown-type structures - forming inclusion complexes with guests;
  • cyclotriveratrylene synthesis;
  • benzylic alcohol utilizaton - in CTV synthesis;
  • diphenyl units in CTV synthesis;
  • cyclotriveratrylene modification - of peripheral substituents;
  • modification of bridging groups - CTV compounds, oxidation reactions of bridging methylene groups;
  • analogue of CTV, methylene groups - linked via carbon bridge, synthesised by multistep approach;
  • complexes with cryptophanes - three-dimensional structures as hosts


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Synthesis of Cyclotriveratrylenes

  • Modification of Cyclotriveratrylenes

  • Synthesis of Optically Active Cyclotriveratrylenes

  • Modification of the Bridging Groups

  • Modification of the Aromatic Rings with Organometallic Groups

  • Selective Binding Applications of Cyclotriveratrylenes

  • Analogues of CTV

  • Synthesis and Structure of Cryptophanes

  • Modification of Cryptophanes

  • Complexes with Cryptophanes

  • Cryptophane–Xenon Complexes

  • Other Uses of Cryptophanes

  • Hemicryptophanes

  • Conclusions

  • Bibliography

  • References