Chapter 55. Balloon Valvuloplasty: Mitral Valve

  1. Salim Yusuf1,
  2. John A Cairns2,
  3. A John Camm3,
  4. Ernest L Fallen4 and
  5. Bernard J Gersh5
  1. Zoltan G Turi

Published Online: 4 OCT 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470986882.ch55

Evidence-based Cardiology, Second Edition

Evidence-based Cardiology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Turi, Z. G. (2002) Balloon Valvuloplasty: Mitral Valve, in Evidence-based Cardiology, Second Edition (eds S. Yusuf, J. A. Cairns, A. J. Camm, E. L. Fallen and B. J. Gersh), BMJ Books, London, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470986882.ch55

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario Research Chair, Senior Scientist of the Canadian Institute of Health Research, Director of Cardiology and Professor of Medicine, McMaster, University, Hamilton Health Sciences, Hamilton, Canada

  2. 2

    Dean, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada

  3. 3

    Professor of Clinical Cardiology and Chief, Department of Cardiological Sciences, St George's Hospital Medical School, London, UK

  4. 4

    Professor Emeritus, McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hamilton, Canada

  5. 5

    Consultant in Cardiovascular Diseases and Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic; Professor of Medicine, Mayo Medical School, Rochester, Minnesota, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 OCT 2007
  2. Published Print: 20 NOV 2002

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780727916990

Online ISBN: 9780470986882



  • balloon valvuloplasty;
  • percutaneous approach;
  • cardiac catheterization;
  • severe calcification;
  • intraprocedural transesophageal echocardiography


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Preprocedure evaluation

  • Contraindications

  • Procedure

  • Long-term follow up

  • Single v double cylindrical balloons

  • Inoue v double balloon (Table 55.2)

  • Other techniques

  • Intraprocedural transesophageal echocardiography

  • Complications

  • Predictors of outcome

  • Valvuloplasty for mild mitral stenosis

  • Pregnancy

  • Dilation for restenosis

  • Bioprosthesis

  • Balloon v surgical commissurotomy

  • Open commissurotomy v balloon

  • Cost