Chapter 56. Gene–environment Interactions in Congenital Heart Disease: An Epidemiological Perspective

  1. Michael Artman MD1,
  2. D. Woodrow Benson MD, PhD2,
  3. Deepak Srivastava MD3 and
  4. Makoto Nakazawa MD4
  1. Christopher A. Loffredo

Published Online: 16 NOV 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470988664.ch56

Cardiovascular Development and Congenital Malformations: Molecular & Genetic Mechanisms

Cardiovascular Development and Congenital Malformations: Molecular & Genetic Mechanisms

How to Cite

Loffredo, C. A. (2005) Gene–environment Interactions in Congenital Heart Disease: An Epidemiological Perspective, in Cardiovascular Development and Congenital Malformations: Molecular & Genetic Mechanisms (eds M. Artman, D. W. Benson, D. Srivastava and M. Nakazawa), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Malden, Massachusetts, USA. doi: 10.1002/9780470988664.ch56

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Chairman of Pediatrics University of Iowa

  2. 2

    Professor of Pediatrics, Director, Cardiovascular Genetics, Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center

  3. 3

    Pogue Distinguished Chair in Research on Cardiac Birth Defects, Joel B. Steinberg, M.D. Chair in Pediatrics Professor, Departments of Pediatrics and Molecular Biology, University of Texas, Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas

  4. 4

    Professor and Head, Pediatric Cardiology, The Heart Institute of Japan, Tokyo Women's Medical University

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 NOV 2007
  2. Published Print: 1 JAN 2005

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405131285

Online ISBN: 9780470988664

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Keywords:

  • congenital heart disease;
  • environmental risk factors;
  • epidemiological science;
  • teratogenic agents;
  • gene-environment interactions

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Materials and methods

  • Results

  • Discussion

  • Summary