Chapter 2. Instrumental Techniques for Sample Preparation

  1. Adnan Tamime Dr
  1. D.G. Pechak and
  2. A.K. Smith

Published Online: 16 NOV 2007

DOI: 10.1002/9780470995921.ch2

Structure of Dairy Products

Structure of Dairy Products

How to Cite

Pechak, D.G. and Smith, A.K. (2007) Instrumental Techniques for Sample Preparation, in Structure of Dairy Products (ed A. Tamime), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780470995921.ch2

Editor Information

  1. Dairy Science and Technology Consultant, Ayr, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 NOV 2007
  2. Published Print: 30 APR 2007

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405129756

Online ISBN: 9780470995921



  • sample preparation;
  • dairy products;
  • confocal scanning laser microscopy (CSLM);
  • wide-field light microscopy;
  • cold-stage light microscopy


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Light microscopy techniques

  • Scanning electron microscopy

  • Transmission electron microscopy

  • X-ray microanalysis

  • Rheology

  • Light scattering

  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

  • Digital imaging and image analysis

  • Laboratory safety

  • Future techniques in dairy product structure