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UNIT 1G.2 Bioremediation of Turbid Surface Water Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) Tree

  1. Michael Lea

Published Online: 1 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780471729259.mc01g02s16

Current Protocols in Microbiology

Current Protocols in Microbiology

How to Cite

Lea, M. 2010. Bioremediation of Turbid Surface Water Using Seed Extract from Moringa oleifera Lam. (Drumstick) Tree. Current Protocols in Microbiology. 16:G:1G.2:1G.2.1–1G.2.14.

Author Information

  1. Clearinghouse: Low-cost Water Treatment Technologies for Developing Countries, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: FEB 2010

This is not the most recent version of the article. View current version (1 MAY 2014)


An indigenous water treatment method uses Moringa oleifera seeds in the form of a water-soluble extract in suspension, resulting in an effective natural clarification agent for highly turbid and untreated pathogenic surface water. Efficient reduction (80.0% to 99.5%) of high turbidity produces an aesthetically clear supernatant, concurrently accompanied by 90.00% to 99.99% (1 to 4 log) bacterial reduction. Application of this low-cost Moringa oleifera protocol is recommended for simplified, point-of-use, low-risk water treatment where rural and peri-urban people living in extreme poverty are presently drinking highly turbid and microbiologically contaminated water. Curr. Protoc. Microbiol. 16:1G.2.1-1G.2.14. © 2010 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


  • Moringa oleifera;
  • turbidity;
  • natural coagulant;
  • coagulation;
  • flocculation;
  • household water treatment;
  • developing countries