Chapter 12. Trematodes

  1. Carter T. Atkinson2,
  2. Nancy J. Thomas3 and
  3. D. Bruce Hunter4
  1. Jane E. Huffman

Published Online: 27 MAR 2009

DOI: 10.1002/9780813804620.ch12

Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds

Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds

How to Cite

Huffman, J. E. (2008) Trematodes, in Parasitic Diseases of Wild Birds (eds C. T. Atkinson, N. J. Thomas and D. B. Hunter), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780813804620.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 2

    U.S. Geological Survey, Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center, Hawaii National Park, Hawaii, USA

  2. 3

    U.S. Geological Survey, National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, Wisconsin, USA

  3. 4

    Department of Pathobiology, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Author Information

  1. Department of Biological Sciences, Applied DNA Sciences, Fish and Wildlife Microbiology Laboratory, East Stroudsburg University, East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 MAR 2009
  2. Published Print: 19 DEC 2008

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813820811

Online ISBN: 9780813804620



  • trematodes, flat, leaf-like parasitic helminthes;
  • digenetic trematodes, life cycles - sexual and asexual phases of reproduction;
  • Holostomes, Strigea spp. - common parasites of birds;
  • Echinostomiasis - mortality in commercial duck farms in Europe and Asia;
  • Leyogonimus polyoon infecting - upper and middle areas of small intestine


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Synonyms

  • History

  • Etiology

  • Host Range and Distribution

  • Epizootiology

  • Clinical Signs

  • Pathology

  • Diagnosis

  • Immunity

  • Public Health Concerns

  • Domestic Animal Health Concerns

  • Wildlife Population Impacts

  • Treatment and Control

  • Management Implications

  • Literature Cited