3. Meat Decontamination

  1. Fidel Toldrá Ph.D. research professor member Fellow
  1. Panagiotis N. Skandamis1,
  2. George-John E. Nychas2 and
  3. John N. Sofos3

Published Online: 23 FEB 2010

DOI: 10.1002/9780813820897.ch3

Handbook of Meat Processing

Handbook of Meat Processing

How to Cite

Skandamis, P. N., Nychas, G.-J. E. and Sofos, J. N. (2010) Meat Decontamination, in Handbook of Meat Processing (ed F. Toldrá), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9780813820897.ch3

Editor Information

  1. Department of Food Science, Instituto de, Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos (CSIC), PO Box 73, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia, Spain

Author Information

  1. 1

    Laboratory of Food Quality Control and Hygiene, Department of Food Science and Technology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Votanikos, 11855 Athens, Greece

  2. 2

    Laboratory of Food Microbiology & Biotechnology, Department of Food Science & Technology, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Athens 11855, Greece

  3. 3

    Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 23 FEB 2010
  2. Published Print: 26 MAR 2010

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813821825

Online ISBN: 9780813820897



  • meat decontamination;
  • Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) of United States Department of Agriculture (USDA);
  • sanitation standard operating procedures (SSOP) and hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) system;
  • strict hygienic measures - applied during animal transportation to abattoir;
  • chemical dehairing of cattle hides, a patented process;
  • spot-carcass decontamination treatments;
  • steam/hot water-vacuuming;
  • pre-evisceration interventions - washing with cold or hot water and/or rinsing with chemical solutions;
  • thermal decontamination;
  • legislative aspects of decontamination


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Animal Washing

  • Dehairing

  • Spot-Carcass Decontamination Treatments

  • Pre-Evisceration Decontamination

  • Final Carcass-Washing

  • Thermal Decontamination

  • Chemical Decontamination

  • Multiple Decontamination Interventions

  • Chilling

  • Post-Chilling Decontamination Treatments

  • Overview of Practical Improvements Achieved by Decontamination

  • Potential Concerns and Risks Associated with Decontamination

  • Legislative Aspects of Decontamination

  • Future Trends

  • References