1. Illicit Drugs and the Environment

  1. Sara Castiglioni,
  2. Ettore Zuccato and
  3. Roberto Fanelli
  1. Christian G. Daughton

Published Online: 18 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch1

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

How to Cite

Daughton, C. G. (2011) Illicit Drugs and the Environment, in Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry (eds S. Castiglioni, E. Zuccato and R. Fanelli), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch1

Editor Information

  1. Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy

Author Information

  1. Environmental Chemistry Branch, National Exposure Research Laboratory, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470529546

Online ISBN: 9781118000816

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Keywords:

  • illicit drugs and environment - study of pharmaceuticals in the environment (PiE);
  • illicit substances on government lists - health risks, abuse/addiction, therapeutic value and precursors for illicit manufacturing;
  • illicit and licit drug differences - as environmental contaminants

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • What is an “Illicit” Drug?

  • Differences between Illicit and Licit Drugs as Environmental Contaminants

  • The Core Illicit Drugs and the Environment

  • Large-Scale Exposure or Source Assessments via Dose Reconstruction

  • Illicit Drugs and Environmental Impact

  • The Future

  • Acknowledgment

  • References