7. Occurrence of Illicit Drugs in Wastewater and Surface Water in Italy

  1. Sara Castiglioni,
  2. Ettore Zuccato and
  3. Roberto Fanelli
  1. Sara Castiglioni and
  2. Ettore Zuccato

Published Online: 18 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch7

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

How to Cite

Castiglioni, S. and Zuccato, E. (2011) Occurrence of Illicit Drugs in Wastewater and Surface Water in Italy, in Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry (eds S. Castiglioni, E. Zuccato and R. Fanelli), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch7

Editor Information

  1. Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy

Author Information

  1. Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470529546

Online ISBN: 9781118000816

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Keywords:

  • illicit drugs in wastewater and surface water - in Italy;
  • multiresidue analytical methods, measuring illicit drugs - in waste- and surface water by high-pressure liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS);
  • rate of removal of illicit drugs in WWTPs - affected by molecular structure, treatment process, activated sludge age and influent characteristics

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Analytical Methodology

  • Illicit Drugs in Wastewater

  • Removal of Illicit Drugs in WWTPS

  • Illicit Drugs in Surface Water

  • Conclusion

  • References