8. Occurrence of Illicit Drugs in Surface Water and Wastewater in the UK

  1. Sara Castiglioni,
  2. Ettore Zuccato and
  3. Roberto Fanelli
  1. Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern

Published Online: 18 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch8

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

How to Cite

Kasprzyk-Hordern, B. (2011) Occurrence of Illicit Drugs in Surface Water and Wastewater in the UK, in Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry (eds S. Castiglioni, E. Zuccato and R. Fanelli), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch8

Editor Information

  1. Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy

Author Information

  1. Department of Chemistry, University of Bath, Bath, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470529546

Online ISBN: 9781118000816

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Keywords:

  • illicit drug occurrence in surface water and wastewater in the UK - illicit drugs, and plant-derived substances and synthetic drugs;
  • illicit drug abuse in United Kingdom - entering aquatic environment through treated (or raw) sewage from domestic households;
  • seasonal variations and variable flow condition effects - on illicit drug concentrations in Welsh rivers

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Abuse of Illicit Drugs in the United Kingdom

  • Occurrence of Illicit Drugs in Wastewater and Surface Water in the United Kingdom

  • Effect of Seasonal Variations and Variable Flow Conditions on Illicit Drug Concentrations in Welsh Rivers

  • Illicit Drugs in the United Kingdom Aqueous Environment in the Context of European Findings

  • Conclusions and Future Research Direction

  • References