9. On the Frontier: Analytical Chemistry and the Occurrence of Illicit Drugs into Surface Waters in the United States

  1. Sara Castiglioni,
  2. Ettore Zuccato and
  3. Roberto Fanelli
  1. Tammy Jones-Lepp1,
  2. David Alvarez2 and
  3. Bommanna Loganathan3

Published Online: 18 JAN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch9

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry

How to Cite

Jones-Lepp, T., Alvarez, D. and Loganathan, B. (2011) On the Frontier: Analytical Chemistry and the Occurrence of Illicit Drugs into Surface Waters in the United States, in Illicit Drugs in the Environment: Occurrence, Analysis, and Fate Using Mass Spectrometry (eds S. Castiglioni, E. Zuccato and R. Fanelli), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118000816.ch9

Editor Information

  1. Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy

Author Information

  1. 1

    Environmental Sciences Division, National Exposure Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

  2. 2

    United States Geological Survey, Columbia Environmental Research Center, Columbia, Missouri, USA

  3. 3

    Center for Reservoir Research, Murray StateUniversity, Murray, Kentucky, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 JAN 2011
  2. Published Print: 18 MAR 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470529546

Online ISBN: 9781118000816

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Keywords:

  • analytical chemistry and illicit drug occurrence - in surface waters in the United States;
  • consumer consumption and excretion into municipal sewer systems - transport through WWTP process into streams, lakes, rivers or wetlands;
  • illicit drug analytical methods, and mass spectrometry in MS/MS mode - accurate detection of illicit compounds

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Physicochemical Properties of Illicit Drugs

  • Sampling of Illicit Drugs in Surface Waters

  • Analytical Methods for Illicit Drugs

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References