4. Thunderstorms, Lightning, Hail, and Tornadoes

  1. Steven L. Horstmeyer

Published Online: 26 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118015216.ch4

The Weather Almanac: A Reference Guide to Weather, Climate, and Related Issues in the United States and its Key Cities, Twelfth Edition

The Weather Almanac: A Reference Guide to Weather, Climate, and Related Issues in the United States and its Key Cities, Twelfth Edition

How to Cite

Horstmeyer, S. L. (2011) Thunderstorms, Lightning, Hail, and Tornadoes, in The Weather Almanac: A Reference Guide to Weather, Climate, and Related Issues in the United States and its Key Cities, Twelfth Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118015216.ch4

Author Information

  1. Cincinnati, OH, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2011
  2. Published Print: 16 SEP 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470413258

Online ISBN: 9781118015216

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Keywords:

  • thunderstorms, lightning, hail, tornadoes;
  • line echo wave pattern (LEWP);
  • Fujita Scale or “F-Scale”

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Thunderstorm Basics

  • Isolated Convective Cells

  • Mesoscale Convective Systems

  • Squall Lines

  • Bow Echoes

  • Line Echo Wave Pattern

  • The Mesoscale Convective Complex

  • Supercell Thunderstorms

  • Tornado Formation

  • The Fujita Scale

  • The Enhanced Fujita Scale

  • Some Tornado History

  • Lightning and Thunder

  • Hail

  • Reference Tables and Maps