9. Historical Biogeography

  1. E. O. Wiley and
  2. Bruce S. Lieberman

Published Online: 25 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118017883.ch9

Phylogenetics: Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, Second Edition

Phylogenetics: Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, Second Edition

How to Cite

Wiley, E. O. and Lieberman, B. S. (2011) Historical Biogeography, in Phylogenetics: Theory and Practice of Phylogenetic Systematics, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118017883.ch9

Author Information

  1. Lawrence, Kansas, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 25 APR 2011
  2. Published Print: 20 MAY 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470905968

Online ISBN: 9781118017883



  • historical biogeography, geographic distributions of organisms - phylogenetic, evolutionary change to geological and climate changes;
  • area and biota, problematic concepts - authors, applying the same noun at different scales, and to different phenomena;
  • potential sources of noise, obscuring biogeographic congruence - analytical techniques teasing out signal of congruence


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Distinction between Ecological and Phylogenetic Biogeography and the Importance of Congruence

  • Hierarchies of Climate and Geological Change and Their Relationship to Phylogenetic Biogeographic Patterns and Processes

  • The Importance of Vicariance in the Context of Evolutionary Theory

  • The Importance of “Dispersal” in Phylogenetic Biogeography

  • Areas and Biotas

  • Analytical Methods in Phylogenetic Biogeography

  • Historical Biogeography Using Modified Brooks

  • Alternative Biogeographic Methods

  • How Extinction Affects Our Ability to Study Biogeographic Patterns in the Extant Biota

  • Statistical Approaches to Biogeographic Analysis

  • Tracking Biogeographic Change within a Single Clade

  • Phylogeography: Within Species Biogeography

  • The Biogeography of Biodiversity Crises

  • A Brief History of the Events Influencing Our Present Concepts of Historical Biogeography

  • Fundamental Divisions in Biogeography, a Pre-Evolutionary Context, or What Causes Biogeographic Patterns, Vicariance or Dispersal?

  • The Growing Evolutionary Perspective and the Continued Debate About Vicariance and Dispersal

  • Chapter Summary