2. Laying the Groundwork
Published Online: 1 SEP 2011
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Unmasking Psychological Symptoms: How Therapists Can Learn to Recognize the Psychological Presentation of Medical Disorders
How to Cite
Schildkrout, B. (2011) Laying the Groundwork, in Unmasking Psychological Symptoms: How Therapists Can Learn to Recognize the Psychological Presentation of Medical Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. doi: 10.1002/9781118083598.ch2
- Published Online: 1 SEP 2011
- Published Print: 3 AUG 2011
Print ISBN: 9780470639078
Online ISBN: 9781118083598
- psychological symptoms;
- physical disease;
- differential diagnosis;
Basic principles are discussed. Psychological symptoms are nonspecific and may indicate physical disease. In formulating a differential diagnosis, clinicians must include medical disorders. The terms organic and functional, psychological and physical, reflect the subjective experience of mind as separate from body or brain; yet all mental events have a brain basis.
Diagnoses may represent descriptive categories, but the goal is for diagnoses to be based on causation. Making a diagnosis is a challenging task given the individual variation in presentation, vast amounts of clinical information, large number of possible solutions, clinician's complex mental processes, and limits of human perception.