5. The Clinical Interview

  1. Barbara Schildkrout

Published Online: 1 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118083598.ch5

Unmasking Psychological Symptoms: How Therapists Can Learn to Recognize the Psychological Presentation of Medical Disorders

Unmasking Psychological Symptoms: How Therapists Can Learn to Recognize the Psychological Presentation of Medical Disorders

How to Cite

Schildkrout, B. (2011) The Clinical Interview, in Unmasking Psychological Symptoms: How Therapists Can Learn to Recognize the Psychological Presentation of Medical Disorders, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey. doi: 10.1002/9781118083598.ch5

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 1 SEP 2011
  2. Published Print: 3 AUG 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470639078

Online ISBN: 9781118083598

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Keywords:

  • interview;
  • diagnosis;
  • relationship;
  • diagnostic theories;
  • experiences into words;
  • clinical language

Summary

The clinical interview is the key element in making a diagnosis. In addition to being the basis of a trusting working relationship between patient and health care professional, it is also the source of most diagnostic information. During the interview, the therapist makes observations, generates diagnostic theories, and formulates further questions in order to check whether those theories are correct.

Clinicians help patients to become increasingly aware of their experiences and to put their experiences into words. Simultaneously, therapists must think in clinical terms, translating the patient's language into clinical language and translating observations made during the interview into clinical terms.