11. Decoding

  1. Melissa Lee Farrall

Published Online: 27 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118092668.ch11

Reading Assessment: Linking Language, Literacy, and Cognition

Reading Assessment: Linking Language, Literacy, and Cognition

How to Cite

Farrall, M. L. (2012) Decoding, in Reading Assessment: Linking Language, Literacy, and Cognition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118092668.ch11

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUN 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 MAY 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470873939

Online ISBN: 9781118092668



  • dual route model;
  • types of dyslexia;
  • eye movements;
  • connectionist model;
  • print awareness;
  • alphabet knowledge;
  • word identification;
  • nonsense words;
  • decoding;
  • phonics;
  • syllable patterns;
  • fluency;
  • automaticity;
  • Gray Oral Reading Tests;
  • measuring reading fluency;
  • prosody;
  • fluency training


The dual route model is presented as an introduction to the controversy over skilled reading and the question of whether skilled reading is primarily orthographic or phonological in nature. Research provided by event-related potential and eye movement studies is discussed as validation of phonological processes in reading. Theory and issues related to print awareness, alphabet knowledge, word recognition, and nonsense words are reviewed with particular attention to error analysis, syllable patterns, and terminology related to phonics. A discussion of eye movements during reading precedes a review of research related to fluency and prosody and the different ways in which they can be assessed. The chapter concludes with recommendations for instruction based on findings. A case study is included.