1. History of Psychotherapy Integration and Related Research

  1. Athena A. Drewes,
  2. Sue C. Bratton and
  3. Charles E. Schaefer
  1. John W. Seymour

Published Online: 16 JUN 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118094792.ch1

Integrative Play Therapy

Integrative Play Therapy

How to Cite

Seymour, J. W. (2011) History of Psychotherapy Integration and Related Research, in Integrative Play Therapy (eds A. A. Drewes, S. C. Bratton and C. E. Schaefer), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118094792.ch1

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 JUN 2011
  2. Published Print: 8 JUL 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470617922

Online ISBN: 9781118094792



  • psychotherapy;
  • psychotherapy integration;
  • integrative psychotherapy;
  • therapy wars;
  • received beliefs


In this chapter, we will discuss about the history of psychotherapy integration and related research. For last several decades, in Western cultures psychotherapy has been a formal discipline, with its roots stretching back to the beginning of human civilization. Since the early models of Freud, Adler and Jung, the field has expanded to more than 400 models, with models ascending and descending in usage and importance. With the help of some previous work, we have outlined how scientific inquiry evolves in a kind of ebb-and-flow pattern in a professional scientific community. Kuhn's model can be applied to the history of psychotherapy integration to better understand the issues that have repeatedly arisen through years of dialogue, to better inform current efforts in psychotherapy integration during the first part of the 21st century. For psychotherapy, Kuhn's model has typically included philosophical assumptions about methods of knowing (epistemology), the psychological components of human nature (philosophy of the mind), identifying the dynamic processes that move humans toward and away from mental health (etiology of health and unhealth), and identifying and encouraging professional practice methods of enhancing mental health (applied ethics). Other psychotherapists and psychotherapy researchers have used several major ways to develop these newer right ways. A review of the history of psychotherapy integration identifies the issues of epistemology, philosophy of the mind, etiology of health, and professional applied ethics to inform the efforts of psychotherapy integration within the field of play therapy.