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  1. Prasad Potluri

Published Online: 20 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118097298.weoc020

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

How to Cite

Potluri, P. 2012. Braiding. Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites. 1–9.

Author Information

  1. University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JUL 2012


Braiding is a textile preforming process that combines the features of a woven architecture and near-net capability of filament winding. This section on braiding covers the basic concept of circular or maypole braiding, mandrel overbraiding for near-net preforming. Recent developments in 2D braiding include radial braiders and automated cells for combining braiding with winding, folding, and UD tape insertion. While 3D Cartesian braiding has been around for a while, programmable 3D rotary braiding has been developed with impressive near-net capability, including tapering, branching, and joining. While braiding was traditionally perceived as a narrow fabric process, development of megabraiders with 800 carriers opened up applications with large dimensions such as aeroengine fan casing.


  • 2D braiding;
  • 3D braiding;
  • horn gear;
  • Cartesian;
  • rotary;
  • mandrel overbraiding;
  • biaxial;
  • triaxial