Standard Article

Carbon Fiber: Surface Properties

  1. Kingsley Kin Chee Ho,
  2. Hui Qian,
  3. Alexander Bismarck

Published Online: 15 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118097298.weoc024

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

How to Cite

Chee Ho, K. K., Qian, H. and Bismarck, A. 2011. Carbon Fiber: Surface Properties. Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites. 1–11.

Author Information

  1. Imperial College London, London, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 SEP 2011


Carbon fibers are the reinforcement of choice for high performance (advanced) composites. The fiber and matrix properties determine the various mechanical properties in and perpendicular to the fiber orientation in composites. However, for a given matrix the carbon fiber surface properties determine the quality of the fiber-matrix interface, in which load transfer from the matrix to the fibers takes place. This article summarizes the surface properties of commercially available carbon fibers as well as the benefits of carbon fiber surface modification on the adhesion behavior between fibers and matrices.


  • adhesion;
  • fiber surface area;
  • fiber surface composition;
  • surface morphology;
  • fiber wettability and energy