Standard Article

Flammability of Polymer Composites

  1. Federica Bellucci1,
  2. Giovanni Camino2

Published Online: 20 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118097298.weoc091

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

How to Cite

Bellucci, F. and Camino, G. 2012. Flammability of Polymer Composites. Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites. 1–17.

Author Information

  1. 1

    PROPLAST, Alessandria, Italy

  2. 2

    Turin Polytechnic-Alessandria Site, Alessandria, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JUL 2012

Abstract

The most pressing requirements in the present and future predictable scenarios for materials and technologies, concern energy saving, natural resources preservation, and minimization of environmental impact. Composite polymer materials can play a major role in energy saving in the transport sector which is of primary strategic importance for industrial, commercial, and leisure activities. However, one of the main concerns in using polymer composites is their flammability. In order to harvest all the remarkable economic and environmental savings connected with the use of the advanced polymer composites already available or under development, the flammability issue has to be addressed properly. Flame retardants are intended to slow down or to stop the polymer combustion process.

This article intends to give a wide overview of polymer flammability, from the fire-retardant action to the latest strategies developed to meet the fire regulation requirements.

Keywords:

  • combustion process;
  • flame retardant;
  • fire testing;
  • fiber composites;
  • nanocomposites