Standard Article

3D Textile Composites: Mechanical Properties

  1. Mark R. Pankow,
  2. Anthony M. Waas

Published Online: 20 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118097298.weoc257

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites

How to Cite

Pankow, M. R. and Waas, A. M. 2012. 3D Textile Composites: Mechanical Properties. Wiley Encyclopedia of Composites. 1–7.

Author Information

  1. The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 JUL 2012


This article discusses many different aspects of 3D woven textile composites. The basics of 3D weaving are introduced along with the fabrication techniques and a discussion of the general types of architectures. Mechanical properties are then examined showing the benefits and drawbacks of the architecture systems. Various different modeling techniques are evaluated including computational techniques that capture architecture-dependent mechanisms. Finally, the response of 3D woven material is examined under high rates of loading, and its blast and ballistic resistance is discussed.


  • 3D weaving;
  • mechanical testing;
  • fabrication;
  • finite element modeling;
  • high strain rates