1. Wireless Positioning Systems: Operation, Application, and Comparison

  1. Seyed A. (Reza) Zekavat2 and
  2. R. Michael Buehrer3
  1. Seyed A. (Reza) Zekavat2,
  2. Stuti Kansal2 and
  3. Allen H. Levesque1

Published Online: 6 SEP 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118104750.ch1

Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances

Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances

How to Cite

Zekavat, S. A., Kansal, S. and Levesque, A. H. (2011) Wireless Positioning Systems: Operation, Application, and Comparison, in Handbook of Position Location: Theory, Practice, and Advances (eds S. A. (. Zekavat and R. M. Buehrer), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118104750.ch1

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

  2. 3

    Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Worcester, MA, USA

  2. 2

    Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 6 SEP 2011
  2. Published Print: 16 SEP 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470943427

Online ISBN: 9781118104750

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Keywords:

  • direction of arrival (DOA) estimation;
  • received signal strength indicator (RSSI);
  • time of arrival (TOA) estimation;
  • wireless positioning systems

Summary

Positioning systems determine the location of a person or an object either relative to a known position or within a coordinate system. In the last few decades, various positioning systems have been motivated by demand and have been developed. This chapter provides an overview of the main positioning techniques: time of arrival (TOA), direction of arrival (DOA), and received signal strength indicator (RSSI). It then introduces positioning systems that are either in use or being developed for a variety of applications. The chapter summarizes operations of these positioning systems using flowcharts and figures. In addition, it compares positioning systems on the basis of system characteristics and performance parameters such as accuracy, capability in line-of-sight (LOS) versus non-line-of-sight (NLOS) positioning, number of base stations required for positioning, and power consumption. The chapter concludes by reviewing a number of emerging positioning systems and outlining some future applications.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

direction-of-arrival estimation; position measurement; time of arrival estimation; wireless communication