26 A History of Professional Organizations

History of Psychology

  1. Wade E. Pickren PhD1,
  2. Raymond D. Fowler PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop201028

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Pickren, W. E. and Fowler, R. D. 2012. A History of Professional Organizations. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 1:26.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Pace University, Department of Psychology, New York, New York, USA

  2. 2

    La Jolla, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


Among the scientific societies that proliferated across Europe and North America in the latter half of the 19th century were psychological societies and organizations. At the end of the first decade of the 21st century, there are well over 1,000 psychological associations, societies, or organizations. In this chapter, we provide a descriptive history of the development of organized psychology, beginning with international organizations, then moving to national, regional, and, finally, specialty organizations. We will not be exhaustive in our description; rather, we will attempt to be representative of the various types of psychological societies.


  • psychological organizations;
  • scientific societies;
  • international psychology;
  • international psychological societies;
  • specialty psychology organizations;
  • history of psychology