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23 Structural Equation Modeling

Research Methods in Psychology


  1. Jodie B. Ullman PhD1,
  2. Peter M. Bentler PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop202023

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Ullman, J. B. and Bentler, P. M. 2012. Structural Equation Modeling. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 2:IV:23.

Author Information

  1. 1

    California State University, Department of Psychology, San Bernardino, California, USA

  2. 2

    University of California, Department of Psychology, Los Angeles, California, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


The first half of this chapter presents an overview of the type hypotheses, statistical theory, and major issues relevant to specifying, estimating, evaluating, and interpreting structural equation models. Following this brief SEM overview, a complete example of a simple SEM model of risky behavior using a large dataset of responses from preteen children is presented. This presentation includes examples of output from EQS 6.1. The second half of chapter is devoted to a detailed presentation of the current issues and important future research directions in structural equation modeling.


  • data analysis;
  • statistics;
  • structural equation model