Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Whalen, P. J., Kim, M. J., Neta, M. and Davis, F. C. 2012. Emotion. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 3:15.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
We begin this review by being clear that we will cover a small subset of what we know about emotion. Specifically, we begin by discussing the role of the amygdala in emotional responses during biologically relevant learning. In doing so, we focus on the human amygdala. We then connect this information to more classic measurements of emotional responding, namely, electromyography (EMG) and electrodermal activity (EDA). Next, we discuss the role of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in initial learning, subsequent extinction and ongoing regulation of emotional responding. Finally, we consider how these processes are compromised in normal and pathological anxiety. We conclude that the capacity for efficient crosstalk between the amygdala and PFC, which is represented as the strength of amygdala-PFC circuitry, is crucial to beneficial outcomes in terms of healthy emotion.
- medial prefrontal cortex;
- facial expression;
- emotion regulation