I. MODULATORY PROCESSES
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Farber, I. and Banks, W. P. 2012. Consciousness . Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 4:I:1.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Attempts to study consciousness scientifically have historically faced unique challenges, but there has been a heartening acceleration of progress in recent decades. After briefly describing the philosophical problems posed by consciousness, we trace the history of scientific approaches within both psychology and neuroscience. The elusive nature of the target phenomena has made progress especially dependent on the development and justification of new experimental techniques, and so we devote special attention to the evolution of methodologies and to the arguments by which new methods have been justified. Specific topics covered include unconscious perception and priming, the construction of perception, volition, dissociative disorders, results from single-cell recording and neuroimaging studies, the neural structure of conscious sensory experience, the binding problem, self-representation, and theories about the neural dynamics and anatomy underlying consciousness. In closing, we discuss future challenges, and draw on a historical parallel to imagine what a fully scientific explanation of consciousness might look like.
- perceptual construction;
- binding problem;
- neuronal synchrony;
- neural correlates of consciousness