10 Selective Attention
IV. ATTENTION AND ACTION PROCESSES
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Lamy, D., Leber, A. B. and Egeth, H. E. 2012. Selective Attention. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 4:IV:10.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
We are endowed with a set of sensory organs that collect an astounding amount of information about our surrounding environment, but we are strikingly limited in how much of the information we can process simultaneously. Selective attention takes on the immensely complex challenge of choosing between which information will be granted access to further processing and to awareness, and which information will be ignored. How does the attentional system work? The present review summarizes more than a century of research on this question, focusing on (a) which levels of processing attention acts on, (b) the degree to which behavioral goals can influence selective attention, (c) how attention interacts with other cognitive processes, such as working memory, and (d) the relationship between attention and consciousness. Classic findings, contentious debates (some resolved and some still ongoing), and future directions are discussed.
- selective attention;
- early selection;
- late selection;
- attentional capture;
- working memory;
- conscious awareness