Episodic and Autobiographical Memory
VI. COMPLEX LEARNING AND MEMORY PROCESSES
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Marsh, E. J. and Roediger, H. L. 2012. Episodic and Autobiographical Memory. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 4:VI:17.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Episodic memory can be defined as memory for events, with the requirement that one is retrieving information from a specific time and place, whereas autobiographical memory refers to one's personal history, including memory for experienced events as well as personal knowledge. Some researchers have treated these terms as synonyms, writing about “episodic or autobiographical memory.” Although these concepts are related, they refer to distinct psychological constructs and typically have been investigated using different methods. In this chapter we review the prototypical methods used to study both types of memories, and then consider the effects of factors (a) prior to the event or episode to be remembered, (b) during the to-be-remembered event (encoding), (c) occurring in the interval between the event and later testing, and finally (d) operating during the memory retrieval phase. The two research traditions often converge, but we will also review differences between the two. In short, episodic and autobiographical memory are overlapping concepts that nonetheless may differ, with each domain of inquiry making an important contribution to our larger understanding of human memory.
- episodic memory;
- autobiographical memory;
- false memories;