16 Prejudice

Personality and Social Psychology


  1. Monica Biernat PhD1,
  2. Kelly Danaher MA2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop205016

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Biernat, M. and Danaher, K. 2012. Prejudice. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 5:II:16.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Kansas, Department of Psychology, Lawrence, Kansas , USA

  2. 2

    Iowa Wesleyan College, Department of Psychology, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


Prejudice is generally conceptualized as a negative attitude toward a group and its members. This chapter reviews the psychological literature on prejudice by considering theoretical and empirical approaches that emphasize intergroup, normative, evolutionary, and/or motivational factors as contributors to prejudice, as well as more complex conceptualizations of prejudice that go beyond the mere antipathy view. We also review several approaches to reducing prejudice, including intergroup contact, common ingroup identity and dual identity, perspective taking and empathy, and a variety of explicit debiasing approaches. The chapter concludes with a consideration of the target's perspective on prejudice, emphasizing the negative consequences of stereotype threat, the processes by which prejudice is perceived, and the consequences of perceiving and confronting prejudice for the target.


  • intergroup relations;
  • attitudes;
  • prejudice reduction