The Developmental Psychobiology of Stress and Emotion in Childhood
II. INFANCY AND EARLY CHILDHOOD
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Hostinar, C. E. and Gunnar, M. R. 2012. The Developmental Psychobiology of Stress and Emotion in Childhood. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 6:II:5.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Under what conditions does stress exposure in childhood induce vulnerability, and when does it promote resilience? In this chapter we review what is known about the developmental psychobiology of stress systems, aiming to articulate the current state of our knowledge on this question. We review the anatomy and physiology of stress systems and some of their complex interconnections, followed by a discussion of what is known about the ontogeny of these systems and the way individual differences in their activity might emerge. We review studies of stress reactivity and regulation during each major developmental period between prenatal life and adolescence. Then we discuss findings related to temperamental, genetic, and caregiving factors that may underlie individual differences in stress reactivity. We conclude with some thoughts about the need for basic research examining the development of stress systems at multiple levels of analysis, hopefully informing a comprehensive, biologically plausible model of stress and emotion across the lifespan.
- stress psychobiology;