Relationships Between Teachers and Children
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Sabol, T. J. and Pianta, R. C. 2012. Relationships Between Teachers and Children. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Theoretical and empirical work on relationships between teachers and children relies on developmental systems theory as the foundational conceptual model, drawing heavily from basic science work in social development as well as efforts in education and prevention science. Within the past decade, a focus on relational and interactive processes to support children's development within the classroom setting has proliferated, with multiple disciplines and fields engaging in research on relationship quality in the classroom. In effort to update the current conceptual framework and continue the necessary integration between disciplines, this chapter addresses four critical areas: (1) concordance between children's relationships with teachers and parents; (2) the association between teacher-child relationships and child outcomes across the school-age years; (3) the moderating role of teacher-child relationships on children's development; and (4) training teachers from a relational perspective. Each of these four areas of research is examined in light of recent findings and considers new areas that have implications for the further understanding the nature and impacts of relationships between teachers and children.
Keywords: relationships; teachers; teacher-student interaction; classroom processes; teacher effectiveness