Chapter

Anxiety Disorders

Clinical Psychology

I. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

  1. Kaitlin P. Gallo MA1,
  2. Johanna Thompson-Hollands MA2,
  3. Donna B. Pincus PhD3,
  4. David H. Barlow PhD, ABPP4

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop208006

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Gallo, K. P., Thompson-Hollands, J., Pincus, D. B. and Barlow, D. H. 2012. Anxiety Disorders. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 8:I:6.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Boston University, Department of Psychology, Boston, MA, USA

  2. 2

    Boston University, Department of Psychology, Boston, Massachusetts, USA

  3. 3

    Boston University, Department of Psychology, Boston, MA, USA

  4. 4

    Boston University, Department of Psychology, Boston, MA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to review what is known about the diagnosis, etiology, and pathology of anxiety disorders, particularly from the perspective of vulnerability theory. We consider the clinical presentation, prevalence, demographics, cultural features, comorbidity, and course (especially developmental features). We review in particular separation anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, specific phobias, panic disorder with and without agoraphobia, and generalized anxiety disorder. We currently tend to focus clinical research and attention on what is specific and unique to each anxiety disorder. In the future we may need to focus more parsimoniously on their commonalities.

Keywords:

  • anxiety;
  • separation anxiety;
  • obsessive-compulsive;
  • phobia;
  • panic;
  • agoraphobia;
  • generalized anxiety;
  • DSM;
  • diagnosis;
  • vulnerability;
  • etiology