Disorders of Extreme Stress
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Cardeña, E., Butler, L. D., Reijman, S. and Spiegel, D. 2012. Disorders of Extreme Stress. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 8:I:8.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
In this chapter we review the concepts of stress and trauma and describe conditions within the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–Fourth Edition (DSM-IV; APA, 1994, 2000) that include trauma as an etiological criterion (i.e., acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder or PTSD), as well as disorders strongly associated with extreme stress and trauma—namely, the dissociative and conversion disorders. We also discuss how proposed changes for the DSM-5 may impact current diagnostic criteria. Although they are not covered in this chapter, depression, anxiety, substance abuse, adjustment, and other disorders can also occur as responses to traumatic stress.
- dissociative disorders;
- conversion disorder