Chapter

9 Disorders of Impulse Control

Clinical Psychology

I. PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

  1. Kenneth J. Sher PhD1,
  2. Rachel Winograd MA2,
  3. Angela M. Haeny MA3

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop208009

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Sher, K. J., Winograd, R. and Haeny, A. M. 2012. Disorders of Impulse Control. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 8:I:9.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Missouri, Department of Psychological Science, Columbia, MO, USA

  2. 2

    University of Missouri, Department of Psychological Science, Columbia, Missouri, USA

  3. 3

    University of Missouri, Department of Psychological Science, Columbia, MO, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

Abstract

In this chapter we review research and theory across several different conditions that appear to have in common deficits in impulse control. The unifying themes across these related yet distinct conditions include deficits in inhibition and excesses in reward-seeking, resulting in rule-breaking or norm-violating behavior. The chapter focuses on a select subset of clinical disorders, specifically alcohol use disorders, drug use disorders, and pathological gambling. Discussed for each class of disorders is current research on genetics and models of etiology and/or pathology; more specifically, positive affect regulation, negative affect regulation, pharmacological vulnerability (in the case of substance use disorders), deviance proneness, and (in the case of pathological gambling) cognitive vulnerability.

Keywords:

  • impulsivity;
  • disinhibition;
  • alcohol use disorder;
  • drug use disorder;
  • pathological gambling