Chapter

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Clinical Psychology

II. PSYCHOTHERAPY

  1. Lawrence Josephs PhD1,
  2. Joel Weinberger PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop208011

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Josephs, L. and Weinberger, J. 2012. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 8:II:11.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Adelphi University, Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Garden City, NY, USA

  2. 2

    Adelphi University, Derner Institute of Advanced Psychological Studies, Garden City, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

Abstract

This chapter reviews psychoanalytic/psychodynamic theory and practice from both the clinical and research perspectives. The first half of the chapter focuses on the clinical history of and the various approaches to psychoanalysis. We begin with efforts to differentiate between psychoanalytic and psychodynamic approaches. Next, we focus on theoretical developments and their practice implications for different schools of psychoanalysis. The schools covered are Freudian/ego psychological, Kleinian/Bion object relations, self psychology, and interpersonal/relational. Their unique aspects are described and they are tied together through centrally shared psychoanalytic notions. There are also manuals that document the techniques and overall approach of each. The second half of the chapter focuses on the research relating to psychoanalytic treatment and tenets. The research does not exactly parallel the clinical approaches, focusing more on what all of them have in common. We also focus our review on research that is less familiar to the psychoanalytically oriented leader. Specifically, we review research on the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic treatment, the therapeutic relationship and transference, and unconscious processes. The latter is divided into implicit memory, implicit learning, automaticity, and the primacy of affect. Finally, we tie the two sections together and draw conclusions.

Keywords:

  • psychodynamic psychotherapy;
  • psychoanalysis;
  • unconscious processes;
  • psychotherapy outcome