Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Josephs, L. and Weinberger, J. 2012. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 8:II:11.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
This chapter reviews psychoanalytic/psychodynamic theory and practice from both the clinical and research perspectives. The first half of the chapter focuses on the clinical history of and the various approaches to psychoanalysis. We begin with efforts to differentiate between psychoanalytic and psychodynamic approaches. Next, we focus on theoretical developments and their practice implications for different schools of psychoanalysis. The schools covered are Freudian/ego psychological, Kleinian/Bion object relations, self psychology, and interpersonal/relational. Their unique aspects are described and they are tied together through centrally shared psychoanalytic notions. There are also manuals that document the techniques and overall approach of each. The second half of the chapter focuses on the research relating to psychoanalytic treatment and tenets. The research does not exactly parallel the clinical approaches, focusing more on what all of them have in common. We also focus our review on research that is less familiar to the psychoanalytically oriented leader. Specifically, we review research on the effectiveness of psychoanalytic/psychodynamic treatment, the therapeutic relationship and transference, and unconscious processes. The latter is divided into implicit memory, implicit learning, automaticity, and the primacy of affect. Finally, we tie the two sections together and draw conclusions.
- psychodynamic psychotherapy;
- unconscious processes;
- psychotherapy outcome