Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Conditions
III. DISEASES AND DISORDERS
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Davis, M. C., Burke, H. M., Zautra, A. J. and Stark, S. 2012. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Conditions. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 9:III:8.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Arthritis and other musculoskeletal conditions collectively represent the most common cause of disability in the United States. The widespread prevalence and disability associated with osteoarthritis (OA), rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and fibromyalgia (FM) highlight the importance of identifying mechanisms that affect arthritis onset, course, and outcome. To understand the complexity of chronic pain, we apply a biopsychosocial model that simultaneously considers the role of biological, psychological, and social factors in the health and well-being of individuals with OA, RA, and FM. First, we review disease processes, common signs and symptoms, disease onset and course, demographic and risk factors, and genetic vulnerabilities. Second, we review the body's stress-sensitive systems, including how they may contribute to disease activity and outcomes. Third, we review sources of psychosocial resilience and vulnerability that may moderate the effects of stress. Finally, we review biomedical and empirically validated psychosocial treatments for these conditions and discuss several future directions in novel treatments.
- chronic pain;
- musculoskeletal pain;
- psychosocial factors