Chapter

9 Diabetes Mellitus

Health Psychology

III. DISEASES AND DISORDERS

  1. Arthur M. Nezu PhD, ABPP1,
  2. Greer Raggio MPH2,
  3. Amy N. Evans BS2,
  4. Christine Maguth Nezu PhD, ABPP3

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop209009

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Nezu, A. M., Raggio, G., Evans, A. N. and Nezu, C. M. 2012. Diabetes Mellitus. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 9:III:9.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Drexel University, Departments of Psychology, Medicine, and Community Health and Prevention, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

  2. 2

    Drexel University, Department of Psychology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

  3. 3

    Drexel University, Departments of Psychology and Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

Abstract

This chapter focuses on important biobehavioral and psychosocial factors related to the development and treatment of diabetes mellitus. It begins with an introductory overview that defines diabetes, describes the most common forms, discusses the most recent updates regarding how diabetes should be diagnosed, and provides prevalence statistics, including those that demonstrate the existence of ethnicity-related health care disparities. Next, several sections focus on the relationship between various psychosocial factors and diabetes onset and care, including stress, depression, social support, and sleep disturbance. A major portion of this chapter then describes a variety of psychosocial-based treatments geared to foster diabetic patients' ability to manage glycemic control, as well as improve their quality of life and/or decrease depression. These interventions include diabetes self-management education, empowerment-based approaches, stress management, coping skills training, cognitive-behavior therapy, problem-solving therapy, social-support interventions, and collaborative care approaches.

Keywords:

  • diabetes mellitus;
  • type 1 diabetes;
  • type 2 diabetes