Health Psychology


  1. Michael P. Carey PhD1,
  2. Lori A. J. Scott-Sheldon PhD1,
  3. Peter A. Vanable PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop209010

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Carey, M. P., Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J. and Vanable, P. A. 2012. HIV/AIDS. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 9:III:10.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Miriam Hospital and Brown University, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, Providence, Rhode Island, USA

  2. 2

    Syracuse University, Department of Psychology, Syracuse, New York, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


Health psychologists have played a pivotal role in the prevention and care of HIV disease. Biopsychosocial and behavioral interventions in HIV/AIDS have generally focused on reducing the incidence of HIV (primary prevention) and, to a lesser extent, reducing the prevalence and severity of HIV (secondary prevention). In this chapter, we review the primary and secondary prevention efforts that have led to reductions in the rates of HIV transmission. We focus our review on research conducted in the United States but include illustrative findings from international trials. We conclude the chapter by identifying important research needs and outlining our expectations regarding future developments.


  • HIV;
  • AIDS;
  • intervention;
  • prevention;
  • behavior;
  • adherence