Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Carey, M. P., Scott-Sheldon, L. A. J. and Vanable, P. A. 2012. HIV/AIDS. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Health psychologists have played a pivotal role in the prevention and care of HIV disease. Biopsychosocial and behavioral interventions in HIV/AIDS have generally focused on reducing the incidence of HIV (primary prevention) and, to a lesser extent, reducing the prevalence and severity of HIV (secondary prevention). In this chapter, we review the primary and secondary prevention efforts that have led to reductions in the rates of HIV transmission. We focus our review on research conducted in the United States but include illustrative findings from international trials. We conclude the chapter by identifying important research needs and outlining our expectations regarding future developments.
Keywords: HIV; AIDS; intervention; prevention; behavior; adherence