III. DISEASES AND DISORDERS
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Andrasik, F., Sollars, C. M., Walch, S. E. and Buse, D. C. 2012. Headaches. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 9:III:11.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Headache is a very common syndrome, affecting most individuals over their lifetime. This chapter begins with a review of headache classification, diagnosis, and etiology, focusing in particular on migraine (including those forms related to menses) and tension-type headaches, as well as cluster headaches and headaches complicated by overuse of medication. The next section focuses on methods for quantifying various parameters of head pain, as well as supplemental measures designed to assess impact on various areas of functioning and the burden of headache. The remainder of the chapter is devoted to reviewing three primary nonpharmacological approaches to treatment—relaxation, biofeedback, and cognitive behavioral interventions. Included in this section are studies addressing and supporting the evidence base for these approaches (culled from review panels and meta-analyses) and factors bearing on outcome (such as headache type, frequency, and chronicity; age and gender; treatment history; comorbid psychological conditions; environmental factors; and patient preference and cost-effectiveness). This section concludes with a discussion of treatment delivery models being explored as an alternative to 1:1 office-based approaches (reduced therapist contact, group approaches, and Web-based programs), adherence (including ways to enhance adherence and motivation), and patient education and communication.
- tension-type headache;
- cognitive behavior therapy