12 Psychological Assessment in School Settings

Assessment Psychology


  1. Jeffery P. Braden PhD

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop210012

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Braden, J. P. 2012. Psychological Assessment in School Settings. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 10:II:12.

Author Information

  1. North Carolina State University, Department of Psychology, Raleigh, North Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


Psychological assessment in school settings is distinguished from psychological assessment in other settings according to populations (e.g., students, teachers), problems (e.g., academic, social), procedures (e.g., consultation, instruction), and the setting in which assessment and intervention occurs. This chapter reviews the purposes driving psychological assessment in schools (i.e., screening, diagnosis, intervention, evaluation, selection, and certification). Following this review, the chapter describes current status and practice of psychological assessment in schools (i.e., interviews and records reviews, observational systems, checklists and self-report techniques, projective techniques, standardized tests, and response-to-intervention approaches). The chapter gives special attention to assessment of academic achievement in relation to psychoeducational diagnosis and in relation to the increasing use of academic achievement assessments in educational accountability movements. The chapter concludes with a prognostication about the future of psychological assessment in schools related to four key themes: (a) aligning assessment to scientific and technical advances, (b) accountability and value-added assessment, (c) accommodating diverse learners in assessment, and (d) the utility of assessment for intervening with students.


  • academic achievement;
  • educational diagnosis;
  • psychoeducation;
  • psychological assessment;
  • school psychology;
  • schools;
  • special education