11 Absence, Lateness, Turnover, and Retirement: Narrow and Broad Understandings of Withdrawal and Behavioral Engagement
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
II. PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Harrison, D. A. and Newman, D. A. 2012. Absence, Lateness, Turnover, and Retirement: Narrow and Broad Understandings of Withdrawal and Behavioral Engagement. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 12:II:11.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
We review research on withdrawal behaviors such as lateness, absence, off-task behavior, and turnover, covering both classic and recent theories and findings. We clarify definitions and discuss the patterning of these behaviors over time, in addition to reviewing the attitudinal, demographic, social, and dispositional predictors of withdrawal. Evidence is summarized on the continuing debate about studying the behaviors in isolation versus as composites, lending emphasis to a more integrative behavioral engagement construct (Harrison, Newman, & Roth, 2006), and connecting it to other constructs and topics in applied psychology. We attribute the recent apparent decline in withdrawal research to its operational overlap with counterproductive work behavior. Throughout, we offer suggestions and speculation about withdrawal and engagement under conditions of distributed or virtual work, and recommend future research on social network effects (contagion, embeddedness) and the potentially positive outcomes of withdrawal behavior.
- behavioral engagement;
- social networks